Hydroponics is the method of producing food without using soil. If you want to venture into this system of gardening, it is important to know what is required first. Here are the factors to consider when putting up an hydroponic setup.
You should first get a water reservoir for the hydroponic system. All the water and nutrients required by the plants will be in the reservoir. You can go for a small reservoir if you don’t have money, or a big one if there is money. It is advisable to find a reservoir that has a lid to close it. The lid plays a role of preventing evaporation of water which may lead to an imbalance. This imbalance will have an effect in the overall growth of the plants. Due to the ability of chemicals and water reacting with metals, you should not purchase a metallic reservoir.
Another thing you need to have is the water pump. A reliable water pump is what you need to ensure that water and nutrients that are necessary for the plants. The water pumps are classified into non-submersible and submersible and you can choose ones that suite your purpose. If you buy non-submersible water pumps, you should install them outside the nutrient solutions, but if the pumps are submersible, then consider installing them inside the nutrient solution. The output of these pumps in terms of gallons is yet another classification that you should consider as well. If your set up is small, you can get a smaller and cheaper water pipe which can still serve the purpose. A timer is required to regulated a lot of functions within the hydroponic system which are very essential. Watering, lighting, and ventilation are some of the crucial functions which will require a timer to be regulated. You can choose an advanced timer or analogous and simple timer depending on your budget.
Finally, you should get grow lights for your system to enhance growth of the plants. The amount of light that fluorescent lights produce isn’t enough to facilitate growth of plants, even though they can be used to replace natural light. The artificial form of light that closely matches natural light is the metal halide lights. These lights produce blue light in high proportions, which is crucial in supporting vegetative growth of plants. There are high pressure sodium lights which you can also consider installing in your hydroponic system, because they are durable and consume less energy. The high pressure sodium lights are known to produce spectrums of light which are narrower compared to the other lights. You should also purchase a growth medium because there is no soil used in hydroponic systems. Whereas the medium needs to provide anchorage, it should also be able to allow for drainage and air exchange.